Vitamins & Minerals for Hair Growth: Do You Really Need Them?

Many people experience hair loss. Although more commonly it’s a result of genetics, age or hormones, it can also occur due to nutritional deficiencies, which among others can be caused by vitamins and minerals.

If that’s the case, vitamins for hair growth and thickness can help. Yet every day, you hear about a variety of mineral and vitamin supplements marketed for hair growth.

The problem with them is that they market for any type of hair loss (not FDA-regulated). And those who fail to get a diagnosis for the underlying issue may end up wasting their resources.

Still, that doesn’t mean that vitamins and minerals are not essential for the normal growth and development of your hair.

In fact, there are many of them that you need to take on a daily basis, either through your diet or supplements. 

What Vitamins Are Good For Hair Growth?

The following vitamins help in the normal and healthy growth of your hair: 

Vitamin A 

The human body uses vitamin A for many functions, including maintaining healthy hair. Immune function is supported by it, and the skin is kept healthy.

It plays a role in the production of sebum by the sebaceous glands, which helps keep the skin moisturised and lubricates the follicle. 

However, excess of it, just like anything else, is bad. In one case study, a patient getting long-term renal dialysis started experiencing increasing hair loss.

It was found that they were taking a vitamin A supplement and their serum levels were well above normal (140 μg/dL when it should have been 20-80 μg/dL).

The hair shedding stopped a month after the supplementation was stopped.

Excess of vitamins
Too many vitamins are also bad for health

The American Academy of Dermatology (ADA) also warns about the excessive consumption of vitamin A as it can end up causing hair loss.

There are many, many vitamins for nails and hair growth in the market that contain vitamin A as their star ingredient.

However, according to the NHS, those between the ages of 19-64 should consume only the following amount of vitamin A: 

  • Men – 700 micrograms/day 
  • Women – 600 micrograms/day 

Keep in mind that this amount can vary for pregnant and lactating women. This vitamin can be found in the following foods: 

  • Eggs 
  • Carrots 
  • Broccoli 
  • Spinach 
  • Milk
  • Cream cheese 
  • Mangoes 
  • Apricots 

Vitamin B 

Vitamin B serves different functions in the body. It ensures: 

  • Normal functioning of the nervous system
  • Releases energy from food 
  • Production of red blood cells (that carry oxygen to hair follicles for normal development)

Some sources of vitamin B include: 

  • Beans 
  • Leafy greens 
  • Fish 
  • Eggs 
  • Fruits
  • Nuts 
  • Milk 
vitamin b supplements
Many people take vitamin B supplements additionally for hair growth

There are different types of vitamin B that together perform these functions. For hair though, some are more important than others.

Vitamin B7 (Biotin)  

Biotin vitamins for hair and nail growth are the most popular. And it’s considered good for the health of the skin and nails, along with the hair.

However, it can only work for hair loss in the instance that the person is suffering from its deficiency. And since biotin deficiency is very rare in developed countries, it is not really needed. 

No research shows that it can help with telogen effluvium or androgenetic alopecia.

Some rare genetic disorders can affect the metabolism and absorption of vitamin B7, in which case you might need to take supplements for it. 

While there is no evidence of biotin toxicity, it can be dangerous in that it can interfere with lab tests, which can result in a misdiagnosis.

Therefore, if you are taking them, you should disclose them.

According to the NHS, 0.9 mg/day of it does not cause any concerns. 

Vitamin B12 

Vitamin B12 also helps in the production of red blood cells and the normal functioning of the nervous system.

In addition, it is important for DNA synthesis.

A deficiency of this vitamin can cause hair loss. 2.4 micrograms per day is recommended for both males and females.

Vitamin B9 (Folic Acid)

Involved in cell growth, folic acid plays a role in keeping the hair healthy.

In addition, it helps in the formation of healthy red blood cells, which the hair needs to grow normally.

The recommended daily intake of this vitamin is 400 micrograms.

Since it can also prevent birth defects, pregnant women may need to take more. 

Vitamin C

Many vitamins for hair and nails’ growth contain vitamin C.

vitamin C for hair
Vitamin C supplements are popular marketed for nail and hair growth

As far as the hair is concerned, there are many different ways in which vitamin C helps, such as:  

  • This antioxidant can protect the hair from free radical oxidative stress. 
  • It helps in the production of collagen, which keeps the skin of the scalp and the hair healthy. 
  • It absorbs iron from the intestine (preventing iron deficiency hair loss

Deficiency of this vitamin has been linked to loss of hair, along with changes in the skin.

The NHS recommends 40 mg of it per day for people between the ages of 19 and 64. It can be found in: 

  • Oranges
  • Lemons
  • Strawberries
  • Guava
  • Kiwi 
  • Kale
  • Yellow peppers
  • Broccoli 

So, you can consume these foods to get vitamins for hair growth.

Vitamin D 

Also among the vitamins for nail and hair growth promotion is vitamin D.

This vitamin helps in the absorption of calcium and magnesium and may be anti-inflammatory.

Vitamin D deficiency has been linked to hair loss, along with other health problems. 

Vitamin D is responsible for making keratin found in the hair. Low levels can affect the growth cycle and result in a type of hair loss known as telogen effluvium.

It can occur weeks to months following a stressful event.

A link has also been found between vitamin D deficiency and alopecia areata, which is an autoimmune disorder. 

Although its role in the growth of hair is not understood clearly, it is still considered one of the best vitamins for hair growth.

You can get enough of it through sunlight and diet. 10 micrograms per day of it are recommended from the age of 1.

It can be found in the following foods: 

  • Mushroom 
  • Fish (Salmon, mackerel, etc.) 
  • Fortified foods 
  • Egg yolk

Vitamin E 

Vitamin E for hair loss is also popular owing to its antioxidant properties.

In one study published in Skin Pharmacology and Physiology, it was found that those suffering from alopecia areata had low levels of vitamin E. 

However, the ADA also warns that the excess of this vitamin can end up causing hair loss. 4 mg of it is recommended for men and 3 mg for women.

Good sources of these vitamins needed for hair growth can be found in: 

  • Sunflower oil/sunflower seeds
  • Almond oil 
  • Wheat germ oil 
  • Avocado 
  • Mango 
  • Peanuts
  • Brazil nuts 
  • Spinach 

What Are The Best Vitamins For Men’s Hair Growth?

As androgenetic alopecia is a common cause of hair loss in men, DHT-blockers are often found in vitamins targeted towards them.

These can include saw palmetto, flax seeds, green tea extracts, stinging nettle, or caffeine, among others.

For instance, women’s and men’s Nutrafol hair thinning supplements differ in their concentration of saw palmetto. It’s in a higher concentration in Nutrafol Men.

Of course, this comes in a blend of ingredients, which contains a lot of vitamins like A, B, C, D, and E.

Similarly, Viviscal – considered to produce some of the best vitamins for hair growth in the UKfor men contains flaxseed, in addition to vitamin C, a collagen complex and other ingredients.

However, for women, the main ingredient is collagen complex and vitamin C.

However, this doesn’t mean that you should always go for these hair growth vitamins for men. Keep in mind that hair loss can occur due to a plethora of reasons.

These vitamins for hair growth for men will only work if you have testosterone hair loss or any other nutritional deficiency.

What Are The Best Vitamins For Hair Growth In Women?

In addition to androgenetic alopecia, hair loss in women is also commonly associated with zinc and iron deficiencies.

Therefore, hair growth vitamins for women may also contain more of these ingredients. If the hair loss is because of them, they can, of course, help with hair growth.

Again taking the example of Viviscal, its women’s hair growth supplements contain iron as one of its key ingredients. However, that’s not present in the men’s version.

You’ll find other such differences in other vitamins for hair growth in the UK.

But bear in mind that taking these supplements won’t guarantee that your hair loss will stop.

For instance, women can also experience hair loss due to DHT (like in the case of PCOS). And if the vitamin supplement doesn’t have any ingredients to work on that, it won’t do anything for your hair.

What Vitamins Are Needed For Hair Growth?

Vitamins A, B, C, D, and E, among others, either directly or indirectly, ensure that the hair continues to grow normally.

Therefore, you need to take all of these to make sure that your hair continues to grow normally.

Vitamin deficiency will deprive the hair of the building blocks it needs to grow.

Additionally, the shock of vitamin deficiency can trigger telogen effluvium, which can cause further hair loss and thinning.

What Vitamins Should I Take For Hair Growth?

You should only take those vitamins for hair growth in which you’re deficient.

There is a percentage of the population in the developed world that suffers from nutritional deficiencies, one of which is vitamins.

It’s true that hair loss can occur if a person is deficient in them, but since it is not the case for a lot of people, taking any kind of supplements that are marketed as “vitamins for hair loss” might not help. 

In fact, you might end up delaying the diagnosis of the actual problem.

Without consultation with a doctor, you might also end up taking too much of it, which can also cause hair loss.

Therefore, the best course of action here is to talk to a doctor first and get a diagnosis for your problem.

To find out if you truly have a vitamin deficiency, the doctor may perform blood tests along with a physical exam.

The levels of thyroid hormones and other minerals are checked to see if they’re the source of the problem.

A scalp biopsy may also be needed to find out the type of hair loss you’re suffering from.

It’s imperative that you get the diagnosis first and then take any vitamins for hair growth. 

What Vitamins For Hair Growth Actually Work?

There’s no scientific evidence that vitamins can actually grow your hair.

That can only be true if you’re suffering from a nutritional deficiency – of some type of vitamin, of course.

In any other case, you shouldn’t expect a vitamin to do anything for your hair.

How to Best Take Care of Your Hair

You can consider doing the following as a part of your healthy hair routine: 

  • Eat A Balanced Diet – A diet rich in proteins, fruits, and vegetables can ensure that your hair keeps growing normally.

The vitamins in them can fight off any inflammation and oxidative stress caused by free radicals.

If you’re unable to meet the nutritional requirements, you can consider taking vitamins for hair growth (after consultation with a doctor). 

foods to prevent hair loss
Eating healthy can prevent any nutritional deficiencies
  • Keep Your Hair Clean – It’s important that you wash your hair regularly and keep the scalp clean to avoid any build-up or infection. The scalp health will ensure that of your hair. 
  • Have a Healthy Lifestyle – That should include getting a good night’s rest, exercising and managing stress. In addition, you should quit smoking as it can affect blood flow to the hair follicles, weakening them.

What Minerals Help Hair Growth?

The following minerals are important for hair growth:

  • Iron
  • Zinc
  • Selenium

While it’s not exactly known how iron influences hair growth, iron deficiency has been linked to hair loss. It’s believed that when there’s not enough iron in the body, the hair isn’t able to get enough oxygen, which results in shedding.

Different researchers have also suggested that iron deficiency can be linked to pattern baldness, alopecia areata and telogen effluvium.

Zinc is considered another important mineral that can help with hair growth although its role in the hair growth cycle isn’t well-understood either.

Its deficiency has also been linked to telogen effluvium, alopecia areata and androgenetic alopecia (although it’s not conclusive). Keep in mind our body cannot make zinc on its own, so you have to include it in your diet (meat, nuts, eggs, etc.)

Lastly, selenium is an antioxidant that can help with oxidative stress in the body. According to an article published in the International Journal of Trichology, a selenium imbalance can lead to hair loss (telogen effluvium) by causing oxidative stress. This mineral may also play a role in the pigmentation of your hair.

What Minerals Are Responsible For Hair Growth?

As mentioned above, it’s not well understood how some minerals – that are considered important for hair growth – play a role in the hair growth cycle. Iron, zinc, and selenium might be able to help you, but you must talk to your doctor before you consider taking them.

If you have a deficiency, these minerals can make a difference. However, if that’s not the case, you might even end up experiencing mineral toxicity, which can also cause hair loss.

How Do Minerals Affect Your Hair?

Minerals are important for hair growth to continue normally, and their deficiencies have been linked to different types of alopecias. Therefore, you must get sufficient minerals through the food you eat.

Iron may be helping in getting oxygen to your hair, and selenium may be keeping it protected from oxidative stress. One study published in the Annals of Dermatology reported that zinc stops the regression of hair follicles and also speeds up their recovery.

The Roles of Vitamins and Minerals in Hair Growth

Both vitamins and minerals play different roles in ensuring hair health, either directly or indirectly.

For instance, some vitamins help with red blood cells, absorption of minerals, and protect hair from oxidative stress, while others might play a more direct role in ensuring the normal functioning of hair follicles. The same goes for minerals as well. That is why their deficiencies can lead to hair loss.


Undoubtedly, minerals and vitamins for hair growth play an important role. 

Research has shown that vitamin deficiencies can result in hair loss. That’s why it’s important that you get adequate amounts of them on a daily basis. 

However, as far as the answer to what vitamins for hair growth should be taken is concerned, you should consult a doctor. There are different types of hair loss, and vitamins cannot help with all of them.

Androgenetic alopecia is one of the most common causes of hair loss, which finds its solution in either minoxidil/finasteride or hair transplant.

You’re going to lose time in starting the proper treatment if you start taking vitamins for hair loss without getting a diagnosis for your problem. 

Reviewed and Approved by Dr. Cagla Yuksel.

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